Tackling violence against women in Wales

What is Violence against Women?

The United Nations, UK Government and Welsh definitions of violence state that:

The term Violence Against Women is understood as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women and shall mean all acts of gender-based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.

Violence against women shall be understood to encompass, but not be limited to, the following:

  1. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the household, dowry-related violence, marital rape, female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, non-spousal violence and violence related to exploitation;
  2. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring within the general community, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere, trafficking in women and forced prostitution;
  3. Physical, sexual and psychological violence perpetrated or condoned by the State, wherever it occurs.

The Welsh Government appears to endorse this United Nations analysis within The Right to be Safe, in which it states: ‘Violence against women is both a cause and consequence of the legacy of women’s inequality and tackling it requires a distinct approach’.

The types of violence specifically included are:

  1. Domestic abuse
  2. Sexual harassment
  3. Rape
  4. Forced marriage
  5. So-called ‘honour’-based violence
  6. Female genital mutilation
  7. Trafficking